There are so many great foods that start with the letter G. Some you’ll wonder if they exist whilst others you’ll find worldwide.
This article contains 32 foods that begin with the letter G. You’ll brush up on your food knowledge and become a trivia expert in no time.
Fruits Beginning with G
Also known as wolfberries, goji berries are little red fruits native to China.
They have a tart flavor that is similar to a cranberry or tart cherry and can most often be found in dried or powdered forms.
They can be used in both savory and sweet dishes, and aside from adding flavor, they are also a great source of antioxidants and provide plenty of health benefits.
They are said to promote eye health and strengthen your kidney, liver, and lungs.
Gooseberries, or ribes, are small fruit popular in European cuisine that has a reddish-purple appearance when ripe.
Ripened gooseberries are sweet and make a great addition to desserts, while unripe, green gooseberries add a sour and tangy flavor to dishes and pies.
High in fiber and low in calories, gooseberries are a great source of vitamin C and antioxidants.
This subtropical citrus fruit is characterized by its sour flavor and colorful interior flesh, which can range from yellow to pink or even bright red. Grapefruit is a rich source of vitamins A and C.
Though it is a very healthy fruit that can help to boost your immune system, some people should be wary when consuming grapefruit, as it can interact with certain cholesterol, blood pressure, and heart rhythm medications.
This fruit, which is technically a berry, grows on vines and comes in about 10,000 varieties, some 1,300 of which are used to produced wine.
While grapes can be consumed fresh, they are also commonly used to make raisins, jam, jelly, juice, vinegar, grape seed oil, and, most importantly, wine. Grapes are rich in vitamins C and K and their antioxidant content can aid in the prevention of certain chronic diseases.
This tropical and subtropical fruit is native to Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean, and northern South America.
Guava has a distinct sweet flavor that can be likened to a cross between a strawberry and a pear. In just 100 grams of guava, the fruit provides almost 400% of the daily recommended value of vitamin C.
Guava is most commonly eaten fresh, but can also be used to make jams, jellies, marmalades, fruit beverages, candies, and dried snacks.
Vegetables Beginning with G
Sometimes referred to as sweet peas or English peas, garden peas grow in firm pods, and the round little peas must be removed before consuming.
Garden peas are slightly sweet and can be consumed either raw or cooked, and they are typically sold frozen. Peas are often served with carrots and serve as an important ingredient in Shepard’s Pie, pea soup, and minted peas.
Garlic is a member of the allium family and is closely related to onions, shallots, leeks, and chives.
Native to Siberia, the little bulbs have been consumed for thousands of years and are celebrated for their medicinal properties, which come from the presence of sulfur compounds.
That’s why garlic is often used as a treatment for the common cold and other infections and viruses, as it contains helpful antibiotic properties.
Also known as French beans, string beans, or haricot vert in French, green beans are the unripe pods of the common bean.
While considered a vegetable by most, green beans are actually technically a fruit and legume. They are a rich source of folic acid, fiber, and vitamins A, C, and K.
While delicious when simmered and buttered, green beans can also be added to a variety of recipes, such as green bean casserole, curries, and stir-fries.
General Foods Beginning with G
Commonly known as chickpeas, garbanzo beans are a legume related to kidney beans, black beans, and lima beans.
Garbanzo beans are very high in protein and dietary fiber, making them an excellent addition to vegan and vegetarian diets.
They can be found in a variety of world cuisines, and form an integral part of recipes in the Mediterranean, the Middle East, and India.
You perhaps are familiar with garbanzo beans thanks to their presence in hummus, falafel, and channa masala chickpea curry.
Ghee originated in ancient India and is a cooking fat made from clarified butter. It is still very popular in the region and is used in both cooking and Ayurvedic treatments.
You can make ghee by melting regular butter and removing the milk solids. This means that ghee has less lactose than butter, making it a slightly better option for those with lactose intolerance.
Giblets refer to the heart, liver, neck, and gizzard (part of a bird’s stomach) of poultry, such as chicken and turkey.
The giblets are typically included with the sale of a whole bird, and though some people enjoy eating them alone, they are more commonly used to make gravy, stuffing, and other sauces.
These traditional Italian potato dumplings are a delicious type of pasta and are made with flour, potatoes, egg, and sometimes cheese. They originated in Northern Italy and can be served with a variety of sauces, such as pesto, marinara, or a rich and cheesy cream sauce.
Other spins on regular gnocchi exist, like malfatti, which is made with spinach and ricotta, and Sardinian gnocchi, which is made with durum wheat semolina instead of flour.
Often referred to as chèvre, goat cheese is simply cheese made from goat’s milk. Various versions of goat cheese exist and can range from hard and aged to soft and fresh.
Goat cheese tends to have a tangier flavor than cow’s milk cheese, and some popular versions include Middle Eastern labneh, French chèvre, and Greek feta.
Gorgonzola is a type of Italian blue cheese made from cow’s milk. It originated in northern Italy and has a unique flavor and appearance. Gorgonzola is typically milder than other blue cheeses and has a tangy taste and crumbly texture.
It is also characterized by its blue marbled appearance and is matured for a minimum of 50 days.
This yellow cow’s milk cheese originates from the Netherlands and is a popular mild-flavored cheese.
When making Gouda, some of the liquid whey is removed after the milk curdles have formed. The liquid whey is replaced with warm water, which helps to remove extra lactose.
Gouda is placed into round molds, brined, set out to dry, wrapped in wax or plastic, and aged for at least a month and up to a year. The flavor of Gouda can vary depending on how long it has been aged for.
Granola is a popular breakfast food and snack made from oats, nuts, seeds, and some sort of sweetener, typically honey. All of the ingredients are mixed together and then baked to achieve a crunchy texture.
Granola is typically served with yogurt or milk, and other ingredients, like chocolate, dried fruits, coconut, and nut butters, are also commonly used.
Greek yogurt refers to yogurt that has been strained to remove its whey, which gives it a thicker consistency than traditional yogurt.
Aside from being thicker than normal yogurt, Greek yogurt also has more protein and less sugar than the traditional alternative. Thanks to its thick and creamy texture, Greek yogurt is an excellent ingredient when making dips.
Grits are a typical food in the southern United States. They originated with the Native peoples of North America and are basically a porridge made from boiled white cornmeal (polenta, on the other hand, is typically made with yellow cornmeal).
Grits do not have much flavor, which is why they commonly serve as a base or side dish for other foods.
This beloved Mexican avocado dip has gained widespread popularity in recent years. It is made by mixing mashed avocados, lime, salt, and often diced tomatoes and onions.
Guacamole is traditionally served with other popular Mexican foods, like tacos, burritos, quesadillas, or nachos, but it is also commonly used as a burger topping, added to salads, or served with chips or sliced vegetables for dipping.
Spices, Herbs, Oils, and Sauces Beginning with G
The root of the flowering ginger plant is not only used as a spice but also as a medicinal supplement in many cultures.
Native to Southeast Asia, ginger is one of the healthiest spices on the planet. It is most appreciated for its presence of gingerol, a compound that has important medicinal properties.
Ginger can help to lower inflammation, treat nausea, and even help with weight loss. It has a strong, somewhat spicy flavor and is popular in Indian and many Asian cuisines.
Gravy is made from the juices of meats that are naturally extracted during the cooking process and is often thickened with flour or cornstarch.
Gravy can be made from pork meat, beef, chicken, turkey, and more, and aside from serving as a sauce for the meat itself, is often used to flavor side dishes like mashed potatoes, stuffing, chips, and vegetables.
While most gravies are made from meat drippings, vegetarian varieties, like onion gravy and mushroom gravy, also exist.
Snacks Beginning with G
This slightly sweet snack originated in the United States at the end of the 19th century. Graham crackers are honey and/or cinnamon flavored and, while they can be enjoyed alone, are often used in the preparation of other foods.
They are an essential element in the roasted marshmallow and chocolate dessert “ s’mores” and can be used to make a cheesecake or pie crust.
Dishes Beginning with G
This cold soup is typical of southern Spain, and it actually originated during the Moorish occupation of the Iberian peninsula. It was originally a combination of stale bread, garlic, olive oil, vinegar, and salt.
However, with the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors, who brought with them produce from Latin America, the soup transformed into the dish it is today: a combination of vegetables, including tomatoes and peppers, that are blended with other ingredients and served cold.
Current Andalusian recipes for gazpacho include stale bread, tomato, cucumber, bell peppers, onion, garlic, olive oil, vinegar, and salt.
This meat and vegetable soup originated in Hungary and is very popular in many European countries, namely in Central Europe.
Though typically made with beef, it can also be made with other meats, and common vegetables include tomatoes, bell peppers, and potatoes. It is seasoned with paprika powder, a very common ingredient in Hungarian cuisine.
This stew is Hungary’s national dish, though other versions can be found around the world.
Known as horiatiki in Greek, Greek salad is a summer dish that is prepared with seasonal produce and other ingredients typical of the Mediterranean region.
It is made with tomato, cucumber, onion, olives, and feta cheese, and is topped with a dressing that consists of olive oil, oregano, salt, and pepper. Peppers are also commonly included in this salad.
This Creole dish consists of soup and rice and is native to Louisiana. Gumbo is an incredibly important element of Cajun cuisine. It was born from a mixture of culinary traditions, namely French and African, and is made with meat and/or seafood, rice, tomato, and often okra.
Gumbo is usually thickened with a roux, which is a French cooking technique that refers to cooking fat and flour together and adding to stews or sauces.
These Japanese dumplings, traditionally called jiaozi, are made by filling a thin piece of dough with meat and vegetables, folding, and sealing the edges.
Traditional Japanese gyoza is first pan-fried and then steamed, which gives it a delicious crunchy bottom and soft top, and is typically filled with ground pork, cabbage, chives, garlic, and seasonings.
Another Greek staple, gyros are a sandwich made with meat that has been cooked on a vertical rotisserie, much like the Turkish doner kebap or Arab shawarma.
Greek gyros are typically made with pork and chicken which is served inside pita bread with vegetables and tzatziki sauce, a yogurt and cucumber sauce that is another important element in Greek cuisine.
Desserts and Baked Goods Beginning with G
Ganache is made by mixing chocolate and warmed whipping cream and cooling, which causes the mixture to harden. It is a French invention that is commonly used as an icing, glaze, sauce, or filling for pastries and desserts.
It is also commonly used in making truffles and chocolate candies, as it gains a thick and hard consistency when cooled.
German Chocolate Cake
Contrary to its name, German Chocolate Cake is not a German invention, but rather American.
It gets its name from the ingredient it was originally based on, a chocolate bar called “Baker’s German’s Sweet Chocolate” which was created by Sam German.
In fact, the cake was originally called German’s Chocolate Cake. It is a layered chocolate cake with coconut pecan frosting.
Gingerbread refers to dough made with ginger and other spices, usually cinnamon, cloves, nutmeg, and/or cardamom and sweetened by brown sugar, molasses, corn syrup, and/or honey.
Gingerbread can be made in a harder, smaller cookie form, like ginger snaps or gingerbread cookies, or as a spice cake, like Polish piernik.
Gingerbread is also known for its use in the creation of gingerbread houses, which gained popularity in Germany after the fairytale Hansel and Gretel was published in the 1800s and can now be found throughout Europe and in North America.
Drinks Beginning with G
This distilled liquor is made from juniper berries, and though it originated as a medicinal beverage with European monks and alchemists, it is now a key element in many popular cocktails. While the most common gin drink is the Gin & Tonic, other classic gin cocktails include the French 75, the Negroni, and the Tom Collins.